Low optimal temperatures for food conversion and growth in the big-headed turtle
We held juvenile big-headed turtles, from eastern China, at temperatures from 20 to 29.4 °C to determine effects on feeding, growth and food conversion. Food intake increased significantly from 20 to 22.4 °C, remained high until 27.1 °C, and then ...
decreased dramatically at 29.4 °C. Digestive efficiency for energy decreased as temperature increased, whereas the digestive efficiency of protein increased from 20 to 25 °C, and decreased at higher temperatures. The relationships between specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion coefficient (Cc) and temperature (T) were curvilinear, and could be described by quadratic equations: SGR = −0.01 T2 + 0.47 T − 5.24 and Cc = −0.37 T2 + 17.20 T − 181.85. Maximum growth was estimated to occur at 23.9 °C, with 90% of the maximum being achieved within the range of 21.9–25.8 °C; maximal food conversion occurred at 23.2 °C, with a 90% range from 21.0 to 25.4 °C. The temperature range (22–25 °C) found to promote best growth and food conversion in juvenile Platystemon megacephalum is lower than for many other freshwater turtles. Temperatures of 22–25 °C are recommended for use in culture of this species to maximize growth and food conversion.
Title: Low optimal temperatures for food conversion and growth in the big-headed turtle, Platysternon megacephalum.
Authors: Yong-Pu Zhang, Wei-Guo Du, Jian-Wei Shen and Lin Shu
Source: Aquaculture, 2009, volume 295(1-2)