An international committee of taxonomists has put together a top 10 of the new species. One of them is the olinguito, the carnivorous mammal from Ecuador. This meat eater is a member of the raccoon family, and looks like a cross between a teddy bear and a cat. Its place in the top 10 is well deserved: this is the first meat eater discovered in the Western Hemisphere in the past 35 years.
Another member of the top 10 is a transparent shrimp that lives in a cave on the island of Santa Catalina (off the coast of California). The shrimp (Liropus minusculus) is only three millimetres long. Another cave-dweller is the Zospeum tholossum, a ghost snail without eyes. This animal doesn’t miss them, though, in a cave 900 metres under Croatia. It’s called a ghost snail because its shell lacks pigment. It appears to be the slowest snail on Earth, moving only a few millimetres a week.
An orange fungus also made the top 10: Penicillium vanoranjei. That’s the interesting part, a fungus named after King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.