Children and dogs
The most surprising result of this experiment was that all subjects, even the youngest children and those growing up without a dog in the house, understood the aggressive bark. The playful bark was recognised by children 10 years and older and by adults. Children 8 years and up recognised the lonely bark.
The researchers concluded that even very young children can learn about dogs by listening closely to them, and they call for teaching children not to look at a dog’s facial expression, but rather to attempt to understand what the dog is trying to say.
The study was published in Applied Animal Behavior Science.